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G7 p8ngitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), which provides a large representative national sample of adolescents in grades 7 through 12. Respondents could report more than 1 race. Results. Mixed-race adolescents showed higher risk when compared with single-race adolescents on general health questions, school experience, smoking and drinking, and other risk variables. Conclusions. Adolescents who self-identify as more than 1 race are at higher health and behavior risks. The findings areU*Aldenderfer1998
Aunger2004
Axtell20000"
Benfer1968
Bernard1986
Bernard20022Borgatti19989
Boster19866Brim1974(Bruus2005Campbell1966Campbell2002-
Carlin2004%Cohen1992)Cohen1994-Cole20040Cook200204
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Drennan1996Ember1986
Epstein2000!Flannery1976
Fluehr-Lobban1998
Greene1985
Greenfield2000
Gregor2004Gross2004 Gummerman2000Hamilton20043
Handwerker19972
Handwerker1998
Handwerker2001
Handwerker2002Hart1999-
Hesketh2004
Johnson1986#
Johnson1990
Johnson1998'Juul2004Kasakoff1986&King1995
Kohler2005
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Lett1997Locke2000 McCarroll2000
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Nathan2005.
Newson2001
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Parker20000Pels2005Pels20050Pelto1986Plattner1992
Romney19866
Shadish2002 Silverman1991 Silverman2000Spain1974Spirduso2000
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Turner2005U.S. Department of Health19798Utts2003-
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Yellen1985 eiwhti tnrerpteni ght elevetader si kfom xider ca esaa sscoaiet diwhts rtse.s6:Cc\gcl\biaryru\rd0y.3dpf AuthorsLJournals
Keywords 9
LLAldenderfer, Mark S.Aunger, RobertAxtell, Robert L.Benfer, Robert A.Bernard, H. RussellBorgatti, Stephen P.
Boster, James
Brim, John A.Bruus, MichaelCampbell, Donald T.Carlin, JohnCohen, Jacob Cole, TimCook, Thomas D.Cowgill, George L.Cox, Nicholas J.Day, Robert A.Dean, Jeffrey S.Drennan, Robert D.Ember, Carol R.Epstein, Joshua M.Flannery, Kent V.Fluehr-Lobban, CarolynGreene, Mary W.Greenfield, Patricia M.Gregor, Thomas A.Gross, Daniel R.Gummerman, George J.Hamilton, Lawrence C.Handwerker, W. PennHart, ChristopherHesketh, KylieHollowell-Zimmer, JulieJohnson, AllenJohnson, Jeffrey C.Juul, SvendKasakoff, Alice
King, GaryKohler, Timothy A.Kohler, UlrichKreuter, FraukeLauritsen, Jens M.Lett, JamesLocke, Lawrence F.McCarroll, StevenMcEwen, William J.
Meskell, LynnNathan, Rebekah
Newson, RogerO'Meara, J. TimOrton, CliveParker, Miles T.Pels, PeterPelto, Pertti J.Plattner, StuartRomney, A. KimballShadish, William R.Silverman, Stephen J.Silverman, SydelSpain, David H.Spirduso, Waneen WyrickStanley, Julian C.Swedlund, Alan C.Thomas, David HurstTufte, Edward R.Turner, Trudy R.41U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Utts, JessicaVidmar, SuzannaVitelli, Karen D.Werner, OswaldWhallon, RobertWozniak, Danielle F.
Wylie, AlisonYellen, John E.Zimmerman, Larry J. 9adolescentsagent-based modelinganthropology
anthropometryarchaeologycategorical datacausal analysischildrencluster analysisconfidence intervalconstruct validitycorrelationcourse readingsculturedarkness in el doradodata collectiondata documentationdata management
distributionsEDA emic-eticepistemologyethicethicsethnography
experimentexperimental thinkingfactor analysisfundinggrantsgraphics
histogramshuman subjectsintracultural variationmethodsmultivariateobjectivity-subjectivityp-valuespower
powerpoint
presentationsproposal writing proposals proximityqualitativequantitativeregional analysisreplicationresearch designsamplingsciencesignificance testingstatastatistical graphics
statisticsteachingtheory(
American AnthropologistAmerican AntiquityAmerican Psychologist,(Cultural Anthropology Methods NewsletterCurrent Anthropology("Journal of Archaeological Research("PS: Policital Science and PoliticsPsychological Bulletin
Stata JournalThe American Statistician!6|/,0+4)%^"*Aldenderfer, Mark S.
1998VOQuantitative methods in archaeology: A review of recent trends and developmentsn("Journal of Archaeological Research6\2d91-1204.methods
statistics
course readings
archaeology& c:\ccg\library\aldenderfer98.pdfAunger, Robert
2004$Reflexive ethnographic scienceWalnut Creek, CAAltaMira Pressx, 281D>0759102740 (hardcover alk. paper)
0759102759 (pbk. alk. paper):3Florida State University
GN345 .A932 2004
305.8/001methods
ethnographyo60Robert Aunger.
ill. ; 23 cm.
A crisis in confidence -- Investigating existing ethnographic methods -- Is reflexivity necessary? -- The wrong way out: typology and idealism -- Reflexive realism: a new way of doing ethnography -- Measuring the "strength of belief" -- Toward reflexive ethnographic science.D=c:\ccg\library\aunger04-01.pdf
c:\ccg\library\aunger04-05.pdfBenfer, Robert A.
1968F?The desirability of small samples for anthropological inferencesAmerican Anthropologistp70949-951
ownemethods
sampling
powerBernard, H. Russell
Pelto, Pertti J.
Werner, Oswald
Boster, James
Romney, A. Kimball
Johnson, Allen
Ember, Carol R.
Kasakoff, Alices
1986@9The construction of primary data in cultural anthropologytCurrent Anthropology274w382-395b
ownb$methods
theory
data collection"C:\ccg\library\bernard86.pdfBernard, H. Russello
2002LFResearch methods in anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative methodsWalnut Creek, CAAltaMira
753Thirdb
ownrD=methods
quantitative
qualitative
anthropology
research designg$Brim, John A.
Spain, David H.
1974\VResearch design in anthropology: Paradigms and pragmatics in the testing of hypothesesNew York Holt, Rinehart and Winston*$anthropology
research design
methods*$Campbell,Donald T.
Stanley,Julian C.
1966>8Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for researchChicago\.'Rand McNally College Publishing Company 1966///f
6018("methods
research design
experimentTY - BOOK
RP - IN FILECohen, Jacob
1992A power primerPsychological Bulletin
112\1n155-159
own0(!statistics
methods
power
samplingCohen, Jacob
1994`The earth is round (p < .05)American Psychologist 4912997-10034-significance testing
p-values
course readings c:\ccg\library\cohen94.pdfCowgill, George L.
1968LFArchaeological applications of factor, cluster, and proximity analysisAmerican Antiquity333367-375b\statistics
methods
archaeology
cluster analysis
multivariate
factor analysis
course readings An effort is made to give readers a good idea of what the techniques of factor, cluster, and proximity analyses are; of what are their good features and their limitations; and where one should look for further information. Archaeological uses of these techniques which are discussed include those of Hodson on La Tene brooches and on Mousterian assemblages, L. and S. Binford on Mousterian assemblages, Freeman and Brown on the Carter Ranch Pueblo, and the author on data from Teotihuacan, Mexico. The dangers of using correlations based on inadequate samples are stressed, and one necessary (though not sufficient) condition for sample adequacy is suggested. It is argued that proximity analysis, among other applications, is probably better than the Brainerd-Robinson approach for seriation.ad]FLA
00027316
Society for American Archaeology
Copyright 1968 Society for American Archaeologya"c:\ccg\library\cowgill68.pdfCowgill, George L.
1977F?The trouble with significance tests and what we can do about iteAmerican Antiquity423 350-368aJCmethods
statistics
significance testing
archaeology
course readingsThe rationale of customary "null hypothesis testing" procedures of statistical inference is examined. This approach is not incorrect, but it is prone to misuse and misinterpretation, including neglect of "power" and inappropriate conclusions based on conventional significance levels. The estimation approach, which often seems preferable, is briefly described. The kind of reasoning involved in statistical inference is required whenever we wish to assess the evidence relevant for or against any general proposition, whether we make any formal computations or not, and whether or not we have observed all possible real instances of relevant evidence. Statistical inference is logically unproblematic if we interpret it as a way of assessing the evidence more clearly. But statistical results cannot be directly converted into probabilities of the truth of hypotheses. This requires additional assumptions about appropriate probabilities of the hypotheses prior to consideration of the research evidence.FLA
Essays on Archaeological Problems
00027316
Society for American Archaeology
Copyright 1977 Society for American Archaeology"c:\ccg\library\cowgill77.pdfCowgill, George L.
1990NWhy Pearson's r is not a good similarity coefficient for comparing collectionsAmerican Antiquity553512-521JDmethods
statistics
archaeology
proximity
correlation
course readingsPearson's coefficient of linear correlation, r, sometimes is used to express the similarity between two archaeological collections when each collection is characterized by the percents of the artifact types it includes. Examples show that r can be extremely misleading when used in this way, and patterns of similarity among a group of collections can be wildly misrepresented. The Brainerd-Robinson statistic is one example of a similarity coefficient that is much better than r for comparing collections.leFLA
Reports
00027316
Society for American Archaeology
Copyright 1990 Society for American Archaeologyr"c:\ccg\library\cowgill90.pdfCox, Nicholas J.
2004,&Speaking Stata: Graphing distributions
Stata Journal\4t1\66-88>7stata
statistical graphics
distributions
EDA
histograms8 c:\ccg\library\cox04a.pdfaCox, Nicholas J.
2004B;Speaking Stata: Graphing categorical and compositional datap
Stata Journalt4a2i190-215o2+statistical graphics
categorical data
statag c:\ccg\library\cox04b.pdfDay, Robert A.
19982+How to write and publish a scientific paperiPhoenixs
Oryx PressFifthtDean, Jeffrey S.
Gummerman, George J.
Epstein, Joshua M.
Axtell, Robert L.
Swedlund, Alan C.
Parker, Miles T.
McCarroll, Steven1
2000HAUnderstanding Anasazi culture change through agent-based modeling
.'Kohler, Timothy A.
Gummerman, George J.d]Dynamics in human and primate societies: Agent-based modeling of social and spatial processesOxfordOxford University Press179-20582agent-based modeling
experimental thinking
methods c:\ccg\library\dean00.pdfDrennan, Robert D.
1996$Statistics for archaeologistseNew YorkPlenum Press6/methods
statistics
anthropology
course readings Flannery, Kent V.0
1976$Sampling on the regional level
Flannery, Kent V. $The Early Mesoamerican villageOrlando, FLdAcademic Press131-136r,&sampling
archaeology
regional analysis*#c:\ccg\library\flanner76-5Intro.pdf9Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn
1998Ethics
Bernard, H. Russell2,Handbook of Methods in Cultural AnthropologyWalnut Creek, CAAltaMira173-202ethic$
.HSmith-Burns, V.
Brown, M.
Champagnie, G.
Daye, K.
Donaldson, K.
Solomon, N.
Walker, S.
Fraser, H.
Jordan, O. W.e
1999jcRelaMcEwen, William J.
1963>7Forms and problems of validation in social anthropologymCurrent Anthropology4d2\155-183t
Apr.>7statistics
research design
anthropology
course readingsA problem basic to all the sciences is confirmation of theory, or showing that theoretical ideas have some empirical relevance. For social anthropology as a science this is equally a problem. As a means of simplifying the problem, as well as emphasizing certain characteristics of modern social anthropology, a special case of confirmation is considered. This is validation, or showing the empirical correctness of theoretical ideas. To explore how research reports in social anthropology have not the criteria for validation, research studies reported in the major journals for a ten-year period, 1951-1960, are examined. Three types of validation are identified and discussed. These are illustration, or case analysis: comparison, or type analysis; and testing, or statistical analysis. Each of these types is examined in terms of the research that illustrates it; in some cases varieties of the type result, and each type is evaluated in terms of its problems and limitations as a method of validating theoretical ideas. When feasible discussion and reference is given to possible resolutions of the problems and limitations noted. Finally, in view of some of the weaknesses of validation efforts, a brief discussion of possible innovations in research strategy, research techniques, and particularly analytic procedures which may strengthen the empirical evaluation of theory in social anthropology, are presented. In this connection the potential value of mathematics is singled out for particular comment.VPFLA
00113204
Current Anthropology
Copyright 1963 The University of Chicago Press"c:\ccg\library\mcewen63.pdf Meskell, Lynn
Pels, Peter\
2005Embedding ethicsNew YorkBerg Publishersdethics
anthropologyNathan, Rebekaho
2005("An anthropologist goes under cover$Chronicle of Higher EducationpB11-B13rJuly 29e*#ethics
anthropology
course readingsu"c:\ccg\library\nathan05.pdf
Newson, Roger.
2001D>Confidence intervals and p-values for delivery to the end user
Stata Journalr1.1r
1-24>8confidence interval
p-values
graphics
statistics
methods"C:\ccg\library\newson03.pdfO'Meara, J. Timo
1989(!Anthropology as empirical scienceGAmerican Anthropologistr912o354-3690
Jun.
owncMany anthropologists argue that human affairs are subjective and therefore outside the realm of empirical science. While this position is based on important observations about the process of understanding human affairs, the arguments employed do not imply that the application of empirical science to the explanation of human affairs is either impossible or inappropriate, as some critics maintain.ngFLA
2
00027294
American Anthropological Association
Copyright 1989 American Anthropological Association"c:\ccg\library\o'meara89.pdfOrton, Clive
2000Sampling in archaeologyl Cambridgee Cambridge University Presssampling
archaeologyPels, Petero
2005d"Where there aren't no ten commandments": Redifining ethics during the Darkness in El Dorado scandalG]
Meskell, Lynn
Pels, PeterNGEmbedding ethics: shifting boundaries of the anthropological professionNew York
Berg69-99"ethics
darkness in el dorado c:\ccg\library\pels05.pdfPlattner, Stuart
1992*$Anthropology grant proposal handbook.(Cultural Anthropology Methods Newsletter4e1r
6-12$methods
research design
grants$c:\ccg\library\plattner92.pdf
( &' #zN23TrzFGreenfield,Patricia M.
2000b[What psychology can do for anthropology, or why anthropology took postmodernism on the chinaAmerican Anthropologiste
102\3t564-576American Anthropologist:4research design
epistemology
methods
course readings&c:\ccg\library\greenfield00.pdf("Gregor, Thomas A.
Gross, Daniel R.
2004Guilt by association: The culture of accusation and the American Anthropological Association's investigation of Darkness in El DoradopAmerican Anthropologist
1064687-6980)ethics
anthropology
darkness in el dorado"c:\ccg\library\gregor04.pdfHamilton, Lawrence C.n
2004& Statistics with Stata, version 8Belmont, CABrooks/Colea.(Handwerker, W. Penn
Wozniak, Danielle F.
1997pjSampling strategies for the collection of cultural data: an extension of Boas's answer to Galton's problemCurrent Anthropology385f869-875o
own',%methods
sampling
culture
anthropologym<C:\ccg\library\handwerker97.pdf.(Handwerker, W. Penn
Borgatti, Stephen P.
1998Reasoning with numbers
Bernard, H. Russellu2,Handbook of Methods in Cultural AnthropologyWalnut Creek, CAAltaMira549-587>8statistics
research design
proposal writing
anthropologyHandwerker, W. Pennt
2001Quick ethnographyoWalnut Creek, CAAltaMira Pressxi, 299e@:0759100586 (cloth alk. paper)
0759100594 (pbk. alk. paper)81University of Florida
GN345 .H39 2001
305.8/007/2O82methods
factor analysis
construct validity
culture(!W. Penn Handwerker.
ill. ; 23 cm.Handwerker, W. Pennt
2002jdThe construct validity of cultures: cultural diversity, culture theory, and a method for ethnographyAmerican Anthropologistf
104u1i106-122L1479294LEconstruct validity
methods
factor analysis
ethnography
culture
theory$ISSN: 0002-7294 CODEN: AMATA7 < C:\ccg\library\handwerker02a.pdfHart, Christopherc
1999RLDoing a literature review: Releasing the social science research imagination
Thousand OaksrSage Publications\Johnson, Jeffrey C.h
1990(!Selecting ethnographic informantsc*#Qualitative research methods, v. 22tNewbury Park, Calif.Sage Publicationse96"0803935862
0803935870 (pbk.):4methods
ethnography
sampling
intracultural variationleJeffrey C. Johnson.
"A Sage university paper"--Cover.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 90-95).Johnson, Jeffrey C.n
1998.'Research design and research strategies
Bernard, H. Russell2,Handbook of Methods in Cultural AnthropologyWalnut Creek, CAAltaMira131-171
ownresearch design
methodsJuul, Svendt
2004"Take good care of your dataAarhus, DenmarkuJDDepartment of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of AarhusNovemberdata management.(c:\ccg\statistics\takecareofyourdata.pdf
King, Gary
1995Replication, replication("PS: Policital Science and PoliticsXXVIII3n444-452h2+replication
research design
course readings c:\ccg\library\king95a.pdf$Kohler, Ulrich
Kreuter, Frauke
2005 Data analysis using StataACollege Station, TX,Stata Press\stata
statistics
methods(!Lauritsen, Jens M.
Bruus, Michael
20050*A short overview of dataentry with EpiDataOdense, Denmarkm August 25tdata documentation.(c:\ccg\statistics\epidata\EDoverview.pdfLett, Jameso
1997LEScience, reason, and anthropology: The principles of rational inquiryrNew YorkRowman & Littlefield
ownlJDscience
epistemology
anthropology
emic-etic
objectivity-subjectivityF@Locke, Lawrence F.
Spirduso, Waneen Wyrick
Silverman, Stephen J.
2000RKProposals that work: A guide for planning dissertations and grant proposalstThousand Oaks, CA\
Sagexvi, 350
4th"058538519X (electronic bk.)<6Florida State University
Q180.55.P7 L63 2000eb
001.4/4,&grants
research design
course readings[electronic resource] :
Lawrence F. Locke, Waneen Wyrick Spirduso, Stephen J. Silverman.
ill. ; 24 cm.
Electronic reproduction. Boulder, Colo. : NetLibrary, 2001. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to NetLibrary affiliated libraries.JDhttp://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&bookid=63254
v1-B8075>7Shadish, William R.
Cook, Thomas D.
Campbell, Donald T.s
2002RLExperimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inferenceNew YorkHoughton Mifflin Coacausal analysis
methods "c:\ccg\library\shadish02.pdfSilverman, Sydel
1991:4Writing grant proposals for anthropological researchCurrent Anthropology324m485-489o
own,%anthropology
funding
grants
proposals
$C:\ccg\library\silverman91.pdfThomas, David Hurst8
19786/The awful truth about statistics in archaeologysAmerican Antiquity43:42, Contributions to Archaeological Method and Theory231-244}
Apr.RLmethods
statistics
multivariate
anthropology
research design
course readingsThe archaeology of the past two decades has become increasingly quantitative, computerized, statistical, and this is as it should be. All right-thinking archaeologists begin with samples and attempt to generalize about the populations from which their samples were drawn. Statistical theory has evolved to assist investigators in making just this important inferential step and archaeologists have increasingly turned to statistics to square their research with the canons of Science. But the statistical revolution in archaeology is not without its price. We must now face the fact that all applications of statistics to archaeology can no longer be applauded. The archaeological literature is badly polluted with misuses and outright abuses of statistical method and theory. This paper discusses some of these faulty applications and makes some recommendations which, if heeded, should improve the quality of quantitative methods in archaeology.nFLA
Contributions to Archaeological Method and Theory
00027316
Society for American Archaeology
Copyright 1978 Society for American Archaeologya& c:\ccg\library\hurstthomas78.pdfThomas, David Hursts
1986NGRefiguring anthropology: First principles of probability and statisticsoProspect Heights, ILWaveland Pressxvi, 532
08813322322+Florida State University
GN34.3.S7 T48 19866/statistics
anthropology
methods
course readingsvDavid Hurst Thomas.
ill. ; 24 cm.
Revision of: Figuring anthropology. New York : Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976.
Includes index.$c:\ccg\library\thomas86-15.pdfTufte, Edward R.
2003(!The cognitive style of powerpointtCheshire, CTGraphics Press LLCpowerpoint
presentations Turner, Trudy R.
2005PIBiological anthropology and ethics: from repatriation to genetic identity\Albany("State University of New York Pressethics
81U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfarem
1979lfThe Belmont report: Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of researchWashington, D.C.April 18ethics
human subjects@:http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/belmont.htm
Utts, Jessicao
2003JCWhat educated citizens should know about statistics and probabilityt The American Statisticianr572\74-79t2+statistics
teaching
methods
course readings6C:\ccg\library\utts03.pdf<5Vidmar, Suzanna
Carlin, John
Hesketh, Kylie
Cole, Tim=
2004d]Standardizing anthropometric measures in children and adolescents with new functions for egen\
Stata Journaln4150-55D=anthropometry
statistics
children
adolescents
course readingsi"C:\ccg\library\vidmar04.pdf. Vitelli, Karen D.e
1996Archaeological ethicsaWalnut CreekAltaMira PressCC175 .A715 1996ethics
archaeologyWhallon, Robert
1987Simple statisticso
Aldenderfer, Mark S.*$Quantitative Research in ArchaeologyNewbury Park
Sage135-150w("statistics
methods
course readings
Wylie, Alisono
2003 On ethics
D=Zimmerman, Larry J.
Vitelli, Karen D.
Hollowell-Zimmer, Julieo$Ethical issues in archaeologyhWalnut Creek, CAAltaMira Press
3-16 c:\ccg\library\wylie03.pdf&Yellen, John E.
Greene, Mary W.3
19856/Archaeology and the National Science FoundationoAmerican Antiquity502332-341:3grants
proposal writing
archaeology
course readings|vFLA
Golden Anniversary Issue
00027316
Society for American Archaeology
Copyright 1985 Society for American Archaeology"c:\ccg\library\yellen85.pdfg